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AVIONS ET CONSTRUCTEURS PAR PAYS
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|TOUS USSR-RUSSIA ou par ordre alphabetique A B C D E J K L M N O P Q R S T Z × Ø Ù Ý Z|
wiki-fr wiki-en Brazilian Air Force Aircraft Directory: Brazil
|Aerotec (Brésil) Sociedade Aerotec Ltda., EngenhariaAeronautica formed 1968.|
|A-122 (T-23) UIRAPURU Учебно-тренировочный самолет A-122 (T-23) Formation Uirapuru avion|
Sociedade Avibras Ltda. in 1963 was testing prototype of A-80 Falcao, a side-by-side two-seat low-wing monoplane of wooden construction with plastic skin. Brazilian government contracts received for several projects, including single-seater with Volkswagen engine, but in 1967 the company withdrew from the aviation industry.
CENTRO TECNICO DE AERONAUTICA ==> above CTA.
Companhia Nacional de Navegagao Aerea, took over manufacture of Muniz-designed aircraft from Companhia Nacional de Navegagao Costiera (CNNC, q.v.) around 1941. Produced Muniz M-11 two-seat primary trainer, designated HL-1, with strong resemblance to Piper Cub; batch of 50 HL-6 tandem two-seat low-wing monoplane trainers was begun 1943. Other designs included HL-2 and HL-4. In 1947, improved Series B versions of the HL-1 and HL-6 appeared; the company's activities had ceased by about 1950.
Companhia Nacional de Navegagao Costiera, founded at llha do Viana, Rio de Janeiro, in late 1930s to manufacture Muniz-designed M-7 and M-9 biplane trainers; basically an Army aircraft workshop. In early 1940s renamed Fabrica Brasileira de Avioes (q.v.); see also Muniz.
COMPANHIA NACIONAL DE AVIOES LTDA ==> below CONAL.
The name stands for Companhia Nacional de Avioes Ltda. A prototype five-seat high-wing cabin monoplane Conal W-151 Sopocaba was designed and flown in August 1964, but none was produced. The company was licensed for conversions of the Dumod I and Dumod Liner made by the Right: Conroy Airlift, American Dumod Corporation (q.v.), but apparently none an outsize Canadair was built.
COSTRUQOES AERONAUTICAS SA
Originated May 1940 as government-backed private company under French designer Rene Couzinet (q.v.), at Lagao Santa, Minas Gerais, to build civil and military aircraft. First license was for North American NA-16 (AT-6 Texan see North American) advanced trainer, but none produced.
Centra Tecnico de Aeronautica, established at Sao Jose dos Campos as aeronautical research center in late 1950s by Brazilian Air Ministry; CTA originally had two divisions. A group within the IPD (Research and Development Division), Departamento de Aeronaves (q.v.) or PAR, was responsible for the BF-1 Beija-Flir (Humming Bird) two-seat helicopter, first to be designed, built and flown in Brazil.
Centra Tecnico Aerospacial developed reengining program for Paulistinha lightplane, with IMAERTM 2000 EM1 piston engine, as Paulistinha 65.
DEPARTAMENTO DE AERONAVES
The aircraft department of the Instituto de Pesquisas e Desenvolvimento (IPD). From 1970 concentrated entirely on research, all design and development being handed over to Embraer. Between 1959 and 1964 it developed prototypes of the Beija-Flor two-seat light helicopter, designed especially for Brazilian conditions by Prof. Heinrich Focke, formerly of Focke-Achgelis.
Многоцелевой штурмовик AA-1 CENTAURO Multi-attaque
A-29 Многоцелевой легкий штурмовик A-29 Multi-lumière avion d'attaque
AT-29 Многоцелевой легкий штурмовик AT-29 Multi-lumière avion d'attaque
AMX Многоцелевой штурмовик AMX avion multi-attaque
ALX Многоцелевой легкий штурмовик ALX Multi-attaque plan lumière
С-95 Средний транспортный самолет P-95 Medium Transport Aircraft
EMB-110 BANDEIRANTE Средний транспортный самолет EMB-110 Bandeirante Medium Transport Aircraft
EMB-110P BANDEIRANTE Ближнемагистральный пассажирский самолет EMB-110p Bandeirante court taxi
EMB-111 BANDEIRULHA Патрульный самолет EMB-111 BANDEIRULHA des avions de patrouille
EMB-120 BRASILIA Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет EMB-120 avions de transport de passagers moyen BRASILIA
EMB-120 BRASILIA ADVANCED Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет EMB-120 Brasilia ADVANCED moyen avions de transport de passagers
EMB-120ER BRASILIA Ближнемагистральный пассажирский самолет EMB-120ER BRASILIA court taxi
EMB-145 AMAZON Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет EMB-145 avions de transport de passagers moyen AMAZON
EMB-145 ERIEYE Самолет ДРЛО EMB-145 Airplane ERIEYE DRLO
EMB-145 RS Разведывательно-патрульный самолет EMB-145 RS de renseignement des avions de patrouille
ЕМВ-312 TUCANO Учебно-тренировочный самолет EMV-312 Tucano formation avion
EMB-314 SUPER TUCANO Учебно-тренировочный самолет EMB-314 Super Tucano Avions
ЕМВ-315SA Многоцелевой легкий штурмовик EMV multi-315SA lumière avion d'attaque
ERJ-135 Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет ERJ-135 avions de transport de passagers moyen
ERJ-140 Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет ERJ-140 avions de transport de passagers moyen
ERJ-145 Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет ERJ-145 avions de transport de passagers moyen
ERJ-170 Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет ERJ-170 avions de transport de passagers moyen
ERJ-190 Среднемагистральный пассажирский сам олет ERJ-190 avions de transport de passagers moyen
LEGACY Административный самолет LEGACY plan administratif
P-95 BANDEIRULHA Патрульный самолет P-95 avions de patrouille BANDEIRULHA
RJ-145 Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет RJ-145 avion moyen
SUPER TUCANO Учебно-тренировочный самолет SUPER formation avions Tucano
Т-27 TUCANO Учебно-тренировочный самолет T-27 Tucano Avions
FABRICA BRASIUERA DE AVIOES
EMPRESA BRASILIERA DE AERONAUTICA SA ==> above EMBRAER
Initial production of 100 Fokker S-11 two-seat primary trainers, followed by 50 examples of S-12 tricycle-landing- gear version. Five S-14 Mach trainers assembled from Dutch-made components, before construction of 45 locally manufactured aircraft.
Former naval workshops which built aircraft for Brazilian Air Force, including Focke-Wulf Fw 44 primary trainers and Fw 58 twin-engined advanced trainers. In 1946 a batch of Fairchild PT-19 trainers was built under a license agreement.
HELICOPTEROS DO BRASIL
Founded 1978, with partial Aerospatiale of France shareholding, to assemble Aerospatiale SA 315B Lama and AS 350B Ecureuil helicopters, known locally as HB 315B Gaviao and HB 350B Esquilo respectively. Current programs encompass continued assembly of Esquilo plus the military AS 550 Fennec version, and AS 365 Dauphin and military AS 565 Panther (all Eurocopter types)
Industria Aeronautica Brasileira SA produced in the late 1960s a two-seat lightweight primary trainer/sporting aircraft under the designation IABSA Premier 64-01. A single-seat aerobatic biplane, the IABSA Aerobatic 65-02, was under development.
INDUSTRIA AERONAUTICA BRASILEIRA SA ==> above IABSA.
Formerly Sociedade Construtora Aeronautica Neiva Ltda, and since March 1980 a subsidiary of EMBRAER, when all work on the EMBRAER/Piper series of light aircraft and production of the EMB-202 Ipanema agricultural aircraft were transferred (over 780 built). Including earlier company, Neiva has produced over 3,200 aircraft since 1956, many under license from Piper and including Ipanemas, Urupema gliders, Cariocas, Coriscos, Tupis, Minuanos, Sertanejos, Senecas/Cuestas, Navajos, and Carajas.
INDUSTRIA PARANAENSE DE
Developed IPE 06 Curucaca very light tandem two-seat monoplane (first flown 1990).
INSTITUTO DE PESIQUAS TECHNOLOGICAS ==>below IPT.
Institute de Pesiquas Technologicas (National Institute of Technical Research) was concerned primarily with research into materials suitable for use by the national aircraft industry. Was also responsible for the construction of a small number of lightweight cabin monoplanes.
M.M. Super Rotor
AC.4 single-seat autogyro dated from 1970s as a design of Altair Coelho. Marketed by this company after purchase of rights and many sold in assembled and kit forms.
MIGNET DO BRASIL
Formed early 1950s to build Mignet H.M.310 Estafette two-seat modernised version of the designer's earlier Poudu- Ciel light aircraft; new development flown 1951 with Continental A90 engine.
|MUNIZ (Brésil) 1935|
|M-7 Учебно-тренировочный самолет M-7 Formation avion|
|Neiva (Brésil) entreprise brésilienne Construtora Sociedate Ltd Aeronautica Neiva (plus tard, Empresa Brasileira de Aeronautica SA)|
|621 UNIVERSAL Учебно-тренировочный
UNIVERSAL formation avion
АТ-25 UNIVERSAL Учебно-тренировочный самолет RT-25 UNIVERSAL Avions
NEIVA ==> below Sociedade Construtora Aeronautica Neiva Ltda.
Oficina de Manutenco e Recuperaceo de Avioes Ltda, the Brazilian maintenance and overhaul facility based at Sao Paulo, acquired manufacturing rights to the Casmuniz 52 twin-engined five-seat lightplane in 1955. Designed and built by Cassio Muniz SA (q.v.), the Casmuniz 52 was intended for easy construction from single-curvature metal to facilitate field repair in bush operations. OMAREAL took over the flight testing of the sole prototype, but no production ensued
The works at Rio de Janeiro's military air base built Waco biplanes for Brazilian Air Force mail services in late 1930s, plus Muniz two-seat training monoplane.
AERONAUTICA NEIVA LTDA
Neiva produced Model N621/T-25 Universal trainers for the Brazilian Air Force and a series of lightplanes. In March 1980 it was renamed Industria Aeronautica Neiva S.A (q.v.), as a subsidiary of EMBRAER.
SUPER M.M. ROTOR INDUSTRIA
Developed AC-4 Andorinha single-seat autogyro (first flown 1972) and M-1 Montalva two-seat autogyro (first flown 1985).
In 1875, Júlio Cesar Ribeiro de Souza, born in belém, a city located in northern brazil, started some research in aeronautics because he was impressed with the flight of certain native birds of the amazon rain forest. he moved to rio de janeiro, where he published works on air navigation and presented talks on this subject to the instituto politécnico, an engineering faculty. he designed a dirigible, which was christened victória after his wife. after obtaining part of the funding in brazil, the device was constructed in paris. attempts to place the device airborne failed both in france and in brazil. back to his native city he created a workshop to produce hydrogen gas for the machines that he invented. júlio finally succeeded with his dream of pursuing the air navigation with the flight of another dirigible, called cruzeiro, in 1886 in paris.
drawing belonging to the patent request for the dirigible victória designed by júlio cesar de souza (1881).
source: brazilian national archives
another brazilian, Severo Augusto de Albuquerque Maranhão, born in macaíba, rio grande do norte state in the northeast of brazil, designed and flew the dirigible bartolomeu de gusmão in rio de janeiro in 1894. he also developed and constructed a second machine, the pax. two four-cylinder buchet engines with 16 and 24 hp powered the pax. two pusher propellers set at 50 rpm drove the aircraft. the forward and aft propeller diameters were 5 and 6m, respectively. in addition, two other propellers were placed normal to the machine's longitudinal axis for lateral control, only. a further propeller was placed below the deck and was employed to control the pitch movement of the 30-m-long aircraft. maranhão had some insights in designing the pax, which were not taken into account by his predecessors. one of them was the placement of the traction line coincident with the drag one to better control and handling of the aircraft. however, he unfortunately died during his flight on the pax in mai 12th, 1902 in paris.
dirigible bartolomeu de gusmao in rio de janeiro, 1894.
source: museé de l’air, france.
the dirigible pax designed by severo maranhão was constructed in paris.
source: museé de l’air, france.
The aviation also changed after the Brazilian Alberto Santos Dumont. Alberto Santos Dumont was born on July 20th, 1873, in the village of Cabangu, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. At the age of 18, his father sent Santos Dumont to Paris where he devoted his time to the studies of chemistry, physics, astronomy and mechanics. He had a dream and an objective: to fly. In 1898, Santos-Dumont went up in his first balloon. It was round and unusually small and he called it Brésil (Brazil). However, it was capable of lifting a payload of 114.4 lb, and had in its lower part a wicker basket. His second balloon, "America," had 500 m3 of capacity and gave Santos Dumont the Aero Club of Paris' award for the study of atmospheric currents. Twelve balloons participated in this competition but "America" reached a greater altitude and remained in the air for 22 hours. Between 1898 and 1905 he built and flew 11 dirigibles. Contrary to the prevailing common sense at that time, he employed in his lighter-than-air aircraft piston-powered engines with the lifting-gas hydrogen. He won the Deutsch Prize, which was conceived and granted by the oil tycoon Deustch de la Merthe, when for the first time in the history a dirigible went around the Eiffel tower on October 19th, 1901. This prize amounting 100,000 Francs stipulated a dirigible ride comprised of a flight with takeoff and landing at the Saint-Cloud field with a total duration of 30 minutes, including the going around the Eiffel Tower. In 1904, Santos Dumont came to the United States and was invited to the White House to meet President Theodore Roosevelt, who was very interested in the possible use of dirigibles in naval warfare. The interesting thing is that Santos-Dumont and the Wright brothers never met, even though they had heard of each other's work.
Louis Cartier invented the wristwatch for his famous friend, Alberto Santos Dumont, in March of 1904. They had met and become good friends in 1900. Santos Dumont's Deustch Prize conquest was celebrated at Maxim's that evening, and at some point Santos Dumont complained to Cartier about the difficulty of checking his pocket watch to time his performance. He wanted his friend to come up with an alternative that would permit him to keep both hands on the controls. Louis Cartier went to work on the idea and the result was a watch with a leather band and a small buckle, to be worn on the wrist. Santos-Dumont never took off again without his personal Cartier wristwatch.
|Convertiplano’s fuselage and engine workbench.
Source: Centro Técnico Aeroespacial.
The Beija-Flor Helicopter.
Source: Centro Técnico Aeroespacial
LIENS & sources
Très site tenu par Maksim
Starostin in Estonia.
Alphabetical List of Aircraft : A A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
Aircraft Manufacturers: AA | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
The Probert Encyclopaedia of Aircraft
Galerie site polonais ( site polonais samoloty.ow.pl/ ) INDEX Sites le Peps
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