mis à jour / updated :

Dernière mise à jour/ last updating  14 mai 2009  


Argentina Australia Austria Belgium Bolivia  Brazil Bulgaria Canada Chile  China  Colombie  Czechoslovakia   Denmark  Ecuador  Egypt   Estonia   Ethiopa   Finland   France  Germany  E. Germany  Greece   Hungary   India   Indonesia  Iran   Israel  Italie   Japan   Latvia   Lithuania   Mexico  Moldavia   Netherlands  New Zealand  Norway   North Korea   Pakistan  Paraguay   Peruvia  Philippines  Poland  Puerto Rico  Romania   Singapore   S. Africa South Korea   Spain  Sweden  Switzerland  Turquey   Taiwan  United Kingdom   Uruguay   U.S.A.   Venezuela   Yugoslavia 

TOUS  USSR-RUSSIA  ou par ordre alphabétique  A  BD  E  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  Z  ×  Ø  Ù  Ý  Z     
Roumanie Romania România (ro)

   wiki-fr  wiki-en    Romanian Air Force   

ASTRA (Румыния) (Roumanie)
ASTRA-PROTO Разведывательный самолет ASTRA-PROTO avion de reconnaissance
ASTRA-SESEFSKI Разведывательный самолет ASTRA-SESEFSKI avion de reconnaissance

Formed out of lAv Bacau (q.v.) in 1991. Continues to produce the Yak-52 and air engines. With Elbit of Israel offers MiG-21 fighter upgrade as the Lancer, as used in Romanian Air Force MiG-21 s (first flown in August 1995)

AVIOANE SA CRAIOVA ==> below  S.C. Avioane SA Craiova

Authority responsible since 1968 for all Romanian aircraft production. Major factories are IRMA at Bucharest and ICA at Brasov; also produces, in collaboration with Yugoslavia, the Orao twin-jet fighter/ground-attack aircraft (see VTI/CIAR)

Centml de Projiectare Si Consulting Pentru Aviatie SA or Aviation Design and Consulting Center. Established 1991. First flew ADC-XO two-seat ultralight 1997 and DK-10 Dracula two-seat lightplane 1998. ADC-H1 two-seat light piston-engined helicopter expected to fly 1999

Founded Bucharest 1923 to develop aircraft designed by Grigore C Zamfirescu for Divisia l-a Aeriana. Designs included S.E.T. 7 biplane trainer, S.E.T. 7K reconnaissance variant, S.E.T. 10 biplane advanced trainer, S.E.T. XV biplane fighter; also made Fleet 10G trainers.


IAR (Roumanie) Formed in 1925 as the state-owned Societate Anonima Industria Aeronautica Romania 
CV-11 Истребитель CV-11 Fighter
IAR-12 Истребитель IAR-12 Fighter
IAR-13 Истребитель IAR-13 Fighter
IAR-14 Истребитель IAR-14 Fighter
IAR-15 Истребитель IAR-15 Fighter
IAR-16 Истребитель IAR-16 Fighter
IAR-22 Учебно-тренировочный самолет IAR-22 avions de formation
IAR-23 Легкий многоцелевой самолет IAR-23, avion léger polyvalent
IAR-24 Легкий многоцелевой самолет IAR-24 avions légers polyvalents
IAR-27 Учебно-тренировочный самолет IAR-27 Formation des avions
IAR.37 Самолет-разведчик Avion IAR.37-agent
IAR.38 Самолет-разведчик Avion IAR.38-agent
IAR.39 Самолет-разведчик Avion IAR.39-agent
IAR-80 Истребитель IAR-80 Fighter
IAR-81 Пикирующий бомбардировщик IAR-81-bombardier plongée
IAR-81С Истребитель IAR-81S Fighter
IAR-93 Многоцелевой штурмовик IAR-93 polyvalents avion d'attaque
IAR-99 SOIM Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик IAR-99 léger polyvalent SOIM attaque avion
IAR-317 AIRFOX Легкий ударный вертолет IAR-317 AIRFOX lumière hélicoptère d'attaque
IAR-811 Учебно-тренировочный самолет IAR-811 avions de formation
IAR-813 Учебно-тренировочный самолет IAR-813 avions de formation
IAR-814 Легкий многоцелевой самолет IAR-814 avions légers polyvalents
IAR-817 Легкий многоцелевой самолет IAR-817 avions légers polyvalents
IAR-818 Легкий многоцелевой самолет IAR-818 avions légers polyvalents
IAR-821 Легкий многоцелевой самолет IAR-821 avions légers polyvalents
IAR-822 Сельскохозяйственный самолет IAR-822 avions agricoles
IAR-822B Учебно-тренировочный самолет IAR-822B formation avion
IAR-823 Многоцелевой учебно-тренировочный самолет IAR-823 Multi-avions
IAR-824 Легкий многоцелевой самолет IAR-824 avions légers polyvalents
IAR-825 TRIUMF Учебно-тренировочный самолет IAR-825 TRIUMF Avions
IAR-826 Сельскохозяйственный самолет IAR-826 avions agricoles
IAR-827 Сельскохозяйственный самолет IAR-827 avions agricoles
JRS-79 Средний бомбардировщик JRS-79 bombardier moyen

14   CV-11  12  13  14  15  16  37, 38, 39  80  81  813  818  822  823  IAR 99 "Soim"  

Formed in 1925 as the state-owned Societate Anonima Industria Aeronautica Romania to build aircraft and aero engines. Aircraft built under license included the Potez 25, Morane-Saulnier 35, Fleet
I.A.R. 37, 38, 39
37, 38, 39
10-G, PZL11 c and XXIV. Indigenous designs included the IAR.15 single-seat fighter monoplane. Renamed Regia Autonoma Industria Aeronautica Romana (q.v.) in 1940, but still using IAR for types. Came under joint Soviet/Romanian control as Sovromtractor (q.v.) from 1946, with Brasov works known as URMV-3 (q.v.) during 1950s. Renamed ICA Brasov (q.v.) 1968 and changed again to IAR-SA Brasov (q.v.) in 1991



Current name (since 1991) for reequipped IAR works at Brasov, created from ICA Brasov and with lineage also in URMV-3, Sovromtractor, and Regia Autonoma Industria Aeronautica Romana (q.v. all). Has built Aerospatiale Alouette helicopter as IAR 316B (280), Russian Ka-126 helicopter, and French Puma helicopter (as IAR 330L Puma) under license, with Puma 2000 upgraded IAR 330L model currently offered with more engine power, Hellfire antiarmor missiles and advanced avionics among changes. Has agreement with Eurocopter to construct up to 80 AS 350BA and AS 355N helicopters. Made agreement with Bell Helicopter Textron of U.S.A. to license build 96 AH- 1W SuperCobra attack helicopters for the Romanian armed forces as AH-1RO Draculas, with Bell taking a majority shareholding in the privatizing company as part of the agreement. Kraiova works to license-manufacture Russian Beriev Be-32K. Own products include IAR 46 two-seat lightplane (first flown 1993), IAR-35 glider, and IS-28 series of gliders/motorgliders. 

Industria Aeronautică Română  
(IAR) (+ wiki)  (now IAR S.A. Brasov) is a Romanian aerospace manufacturer founded in 1925. Based in Ghimbav, near Braşov, Romania, the company employs around 1200 specialists including more than 170 engineers. It carries out upgrades, revisions, and overhauls on helicopters and light aircraft.  
In order to ensure that the Royal Romanian Air Force (the 'Aeronautica Regală Română, or ARR) could continue to be supplied with aircraft in time of war, the government subsidized the creation of three major aircraft manufacturers in the 1920s and 1930s. The first was Societatea pentru Exploatări Tehnice (SET) which was formed in Bucharest in 1923. Next came IAR, which set up shop in Braşov in 1925. Finally there was Întreprinderea de Construcţii Aeronautice Româneşti (ICAR), which was founded in Bucharest in 1932.
One of the engineers designing IAR aircraft in the early 1930s was Elie Carafoli. 
During World War II the IAR 80 and IAR 81 fighter aircraft were designed and produced at IAR facilities. 
Today IAR is the sole Romanian manufacturer of helicopters for both military and commercial customers[citation needed]. Since 1968, IAR has produced more than 370 helicopters (IAR 316 and IAR 330), 830 gliders, including motor gliders, and 140 aircraft.

ICA (Roumanie)
IS-23 Легкий многоцелевой самолет IS-23, avion léger polyvalent

Intreprinderea de Constructii Aeronautice was the Brasov unit of the Centrala Industrial Aeronautica Romana (q.v.), formed by reorganization of the national aircraft industry in 1968. Undertook repair and overhaul of light aircraft; built aircraft of its own design, such as the IAR-824 sixseat general-purpose light aircraft and IS-28/IS-29 sailplanes, manufactured Aerospatiale SA 316B Alouette III helicopters under license, participated in license-construction of the Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander and carried out series production of nationally designed aircraft. Name changed to IAR-SA Brasov (q.v.) in 1991

ICAR (Roumanie)
ACROBATIC Учебно-тренировочный самолет ACROBATIQUE formation avion
COMERCIAL Средний транспортный самолет COMERCIAL Medium Transport Aircraft
TURING Легкий многоцелевой самолет TURING avion léger polyvalent
UNIVERSAL Легкий многоцелевой самолет UNIVERSAL avion léger polyvalent



Intreprinderea de Reparat Material Aeronautice was the Bucharest unit of the Centrala Industrial Aeronautica Romana (q.v.), formed by reorganization of the national aircraft industry in 1968. Specialised in the repair and overhaul of aircraft and engines for Tarom and other airlines, and manufactured under license the Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander. Became lAv Bucuresti (q.v.).

Founded 1953 as a repair factory. First flew its version of the Soviet Yakovlev Yak-52 trainer in 1978, and assisted in other Romanian programs, plus aero engines. Became Aerostar SA (q.v.) in 1991

Name for IRMA (q.v.) from 1980, until renamed Romaero SA(q.v.)

Intreprinderea de Avioane Craiova founded February 1972 to develop the IAR-93/J-22 Orao attack aircraft with SOKO of Yugoslavia (first flown October 1974). Renamed S.C. Avioane SA Craiova (q.v.) in 1991


MANICATIDE (Roumanie) Manikatide Radu (Radu Manicatide)
MR-2 Легкий транспортный самолет MR-2 avions légers de transport
RM-4 Легкий самолет RM-4 avions légers
RM-5 Легкий самолет RM-5 avions légers
RM-9 Легкий самолет RM-9 avions légers
RM-11 Легкий самолет RM-11 avions légers
RM-12 Легкий самолет RM-12 avions légers


NOVITCHI (Roumanie) ingénieur roumain Novitchi Vladimir (Vladimir Novitchi)
RG-6 Учебно-тренировочный самолет RG-6 Formation des avions
RG-7 SOIM Учебно-тренировочный самолет RG-7 SOIM formation avion
RG-7 SOIM III Учебно-тренировочный самолет RG-7 SOIM III appareil de formation
RG-8 H1 TINTAR Легкий вертолет RG-8 H1 TINTAR Light Helicopter


Protopopescu (Roumanie) designer Stefan Protopopesku usine Astra 1925
ASTRA-PROTO Разведывательный самолет ASTRA-PROTO avion de reconnaissance
PROTO-1 Учебно-тренировочный самолет PROTO-1 appareil de formation
PROTO-2 Учебно-тренировочный самолет PROTO-2, de la Formation des avions
PROTO-SET-2 Самолет-разведчик PROTO-SET 2 avions, de l'intelligence

1940-45 name for IAR (q.v.), state-owned under the Ministries of War and Marine, but becoming part of Sovromtractor (q.v.) under partial Soviet control from 1946

With a lineage that can be traced to 1920 (via companies including IRMA and lAv Bucuresti), this company assembled from British-supplied kits nine BAC One-Eleven airliners as 1 -11 s, the first appearing in 1982. Current work, in 1999, includes the manufacture of Britten-Norman BN2 Islanders (some 500 produced over 30 years) and the production of subassembles for Boeing and Galaxy Aerospace. In January 1999 Britten-Norman of the U.K. received approval from the Board of Directors of Romania's State Ownership Fund for its tender offer to acquire Romaero?

New name from 1991 for lAv Craiova (q.v.). Work on IAR- 93 stopped. IAR 99 Soim (first flown 1985) and improved IAR109 Swift jet trainers, lead-in fighter trainers and light attack aircraft superseded by New IAR 99 Soim that first flew in May 1997.

SET (Roumanie) Major Stephen Protopopesku et ingénieur George Zamfiresku
PROTO-SET-2 Самолет-разведчик PROTO-SET 2 avions, de l'intelligence
SET 3 Учебно-тренировочный самолет SET 3 Avions
SET 31 Учебно-тренировочный самолет SET 31 Formation des avions
SET 31G Легкий многоцелевой самолет SET 31G avion léger polyvalent
SET 4 Учебно-тренировочный самолет SET 4 Formation des avions
SET 7 Самолет-разведчик SET 7 Airplane-agent
SET 10 Учебно-тренировочный самолет SET 10 avions de formation
SET X Учебно-тренировочный самолет SET X Formation avion
SET XV Истребитель SET XV Fighter
Established at Bucharest 1923. SET X was single-seat fighter/trainer biplane; SET XV single-seat fighter biplane with enclosed cockpit, built in small numbers for Romanian Air Force during early 1930s; SET 7 was a specially equipped trainer; SET 7K a reengined observation derivative ordered in series by Romanian Government. Later SET 31 also adopted officially.

Established at Bucharest 1923. SET X was single-seat fighter/trainer biplane; SET XV single-seat fighter biplane with enclosed cockpit, built in small numbers for Romanian Air Force during early 1930s; SET 7 was a specially equipped trainer; SET 7K a reengined observation derivative ordered in series by Romanian Government. Later SET 31 also adopted officially.

Name for lAR/Regia (q.v. both) from 1946 while under Soviet occupation. Brasov works (known as URMV-3 Brasov between 1950 and 1959; q.v.) demilitarized and put under joint Soviet/Romanian management, mainly for production of agricultural equipment. Aircraft development at Brasov by mid-1956 included IAR 811 piston trainer (first flown 1949), IAR 813 two-seat lightplane, IAR 814 twin-engined transport of 1953 and IAR 817 single-engined general-purpose light transport of 1955. Aircraft from LFIL factory at Reghin included RG-6 tandem two-seat sports and training monoplane.

URMV-3 ==> Sovromtractor 
for pre 1950 set-up of former lAR/Regia under Soviet occupation. Further products under URMV- 3 title included the IAR 821 single-seat agricultural/utility aircraft, and the IAR 823 STOL utility transport. See also IAR and IAR-SA Brasov.

Henri Coandă
Avec l'appui de l'ingénieur Gustave Eiffel et du savant Paul Painlevé, qui l'ont aidé à obtenir les autorisations nécessaires, Henri Marie Coandă a fait des expériences aérodynamiques préliminaires et a construit, dans l'atelier de carrosserie de Joachim Caproni, le premier avion à propulsion réactive, en fait un avion à réaction, nommé conventionnellement Coandă-1910. Il a présenté, en octobre 1910, au deuxième Salon international de l'aéronautique et de l'espace de Paris-Le Bourget, un monoplan révolutionnaire mû par un moteur sans hélice utilisant le principe des futurs moteurs à réaction (Coandă-1910). Lors du premier essai de vol, à l'aéroport d'Issy-les-Moulineaux, près de Paris, de longues flammes sortaient de la tuyère d'échappement et l'avion s'est écrasé contre un mur, après avoir éjecté son pilote. Henri Coandă s'en est tiré avec quelques brûlures et contusions mineures.

LIENS & sources  



                     Très site tenu par Maksim Starostin in Estonia          
Alphabetical List of Aircraft : A 
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z 
Aircraft Manufacturers: AA | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


The Probert Encyclopaedia of Aircraft  

  Galerie site polonais  ( site polonais samoloty.ow.pl/ )    INDEX  Sites le Peps      

Many nations gave birth to aviation and the pioneers who propelled its stunning successes. To recognize these contributions, we asked the International Council of Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS) to have each ICAS country identify its pioneers and present the story of its national achievements in aerospace. 
The notable figures profiled here are but a few examples of those who could be considered. If you feel your country or its pioneers are not sufficiently represented and you have the history to share, please contact Sharon Grace.

country profiles
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United States
United States

Pioneer profiles (modifié par lepeps)  

Frank W. Caldwell
Leonardo da Vinci
Lawrence Hargrave
Alberto Santos-Dumont
Orville & Wilbur Wright
Patty Wagstaff
Octave Chanute
Alexander de Seversky 
- Henri Fabre    

Otto Lilienthal
Igor Sikorsky
Mario Calderara
Jacqueline Cochran
Amelia Earhart
Hermann Oberth
Wernher von Braun
Charles Yeager




En dépit du soin apporté à la rédaction de ces pages, il est toujours possible qu'une erreur se soit glissée. Je vous  remercie de me faire part (cliquez sur l'icône E-MAIL) de toute anomalie, afin de pouvoir la rectifier dans les meilleurs délais. Il est possible aussi que certaines images et certains textes n'appartiennent pas au domaine public. Dans ce cas merci de m'indiquer le fonds documentaire concerné et les propriétaires de l'œuvre afin que je fasse le nécessaire.