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Asja (Suède)
RK 26 TIGERSCHWALBE Учебно-тренировочный самолет RK 26 TIGERSCHWA LBE formation avion


During 1950s designed several types of light aircraft, promoted under the designer's name in San Diego, California. Tiny BA-4B single-seat biplane was designed for amateur construction (still available in plans form). Seventh design (BA-7) was better known as Bolkow Junior, with Swedish and German production

Marketed a certificated version of the Highlander (q.v.), as the Opus 280

Royal Swedish Air Force maintenance depots at Malinslatt (CFM, later CVM) and Vasterus (CFV, later CW). Established 1926/27, and from 1928 until mid-1930s built foreign aircraft under license for RSWAF, including Focke-Wulf Fw 44 Stieglitz, Fokker C.V-D and -E and Hawker Hart
FFVS (Suède)
J 22 Истребитель J 22 Fighter  

First flew in 1988 the BA-14 Starling two-seat lightplane, designed by Bjorn Andreasson and a joint venture with MFI (q.v.).

FFVS see above 
On January 1,1941 the Air Board of the Royal Swedish Air Force instituted Flygforvaitningens Verkstad and its own design, which became the FFVS J-22 fighter, first flown September 1942. Subcontracted program with final assembly at Air Board Workshops, Ulvsunda; the first of more than 200 was delivered September 1,1943. 

Designed tandem two-seat proficiency trainer with turboprop engine driving propeller mounted in rear fuselage, ahead of tail unit.


Subsidiary of Junkers FlugzeugWerkeAG., established at Linhamm, Malmo, effectively escaping restrictions on aircraft construction in Germany. Civil production included the A 20 two/three-seat mail/freight aircraft introduced in 1923, G 23/G 24 three-engined nine-passenger airliners in 1924/25 and the single-engined, six-passenger W 34 built up to 1935. Three-engined K-30C bomber built 1924 and supplied to Russia as R 42; K-37 twin-engined light bomber flown 1927; 174 built in Japan by Kawasaki and Mitsubishi. K-47 monoplane appeared 1928, used as research aircraft for dive-bombing techniques, benefiting later Ju 87 program

Shipbuilding company, opened an aircraft department for license-construction of Hawker aircraft for Swedish government. Received order for Hart biplanes powered by Swedish-built Pegasus engines in 1935. Subsequently built a few light aircraft of its own design, most notably the GV.38 high-wing monoplane.

GV   ==> above Gotaverken. 

Established 1981 by Swedish companies concerned with development and production of the Gripen fighter, namely Saab, Volvo Aero Corporation, Ericsson Radar Electronics (now Ericsson Microwave Systems), and FFV Aerotech; Ericsson-Saab since joined. Continues to act as contractor on Gripen program for FMV, but fighter is developed and manufactured by Saab AS Gripen, a business unit of Saab AB division of Saab Group (q.v.)



Founded 1959 as AB Malmo Flygindustri as subsidiary of Trellborgs Gummifabric AB, with Bjorn Andreasson as designer. His independently-designed BA-7 developed as MFI-9 two-seat light aircraft, production prototype flown May 17,1961, license production by Bolkow (q.v.) as 208C Junior. MFI-10 Vipan short-field four-seater flown February 25,1961. Company acquired by Saab-Scandia (q.v.) in 1961 and evolved MFI-15 multipurpose two/three-seat military aircraft, flown 11 July 1969, later renamed Safari and then further developed into MFI-17 Supporter armed ground-support version, first flown July 6,1972

Malmo Forsknings & Innovations AB founded by Bjorn Andreasson after original MFI (see previous entry). Produced MFI-18. Intended to put MFI-11 lightplane into production (first flown 1992) as modern version of MFI-9B, but program halted. Production of BA-14B lightplane (first flown 1988) was also then delayed.

Produced VLA-1 Sparrow in 1984 as very light two-seat monoplane with pusher propeller

Built series of indigenous designs for the Swedish Air Force from the mid-1920s. Early biplane types were the Tumeliten single-seat trainer and J.24B single-seat fighter, followed by S.21H.L reconnaissance biplane.

SAAB GROUP 16  17  18  21  91 Safir  90 Scandia  21R  29 "Tunnan"  32 "Lansen"  210  35 "Draken"  105  37 "Viggen"  15/17 Safari-Supporter  340  39 "Gripen"  2000  

Svenska Aeroplane AB founded at Trollhatan 1937 to develop and build military aircraft. In 1939 amalgamated with Aircraft Division of Svenska Jarnvagsverkstaderna (q.v.) and moved main establishment to Linkoping. From 1950 acquired other important facilities, including underground factory at Linkoping. Name changed to Saab Aktiebolag May 1965; Malmo Flygindustri (q.v.) became a subsidiary in 1967; in 1968
Saab 17
merged with Scania-Vabis group to became Saab-Scania. Current name Saab Group, comprising five main divisions: Saab AB, Saab Dynamics AB for guided weapons and electronics, Saab Training Systems AB, Saab Aircraft AB for marketing and supporting commercial aircraft, and Saab Combitech AB. Saab AB parent division established January 1997 to combine activities of previous Saab Military Aircraft, Saab Aircraft and Saab Service Partner, and develops and manufactures military and commercial aircraft within business units known as Gripen, General Military
Saab 21
Aircraft, Future Products and Technology, Operations Commercial Aircraft, and Collaborative Programs.

First airplanes were license-built Junkers Ju 86K twin-engined bombers, Northrop-Douglas dive-bombers and North American trainers. First own-design production aircraft was Saab 17 dive-bomber of 1940, used widely and 60 delivered to Ethiopia from 1947. Saab 18 was twin-engined bomber of 1942, some late examples of which had ejection seats. Saab 21A of 1943 was piston-engined single-seat fighter, and 21 -R was jet development of the same aircraft. Saab 29
Saab 29 ''Tunnan''
29 "Tunnan"
was the so-called "flying barrel" swept-wing jet fighter, in production until 1956, while Saab 32 Lansen of 1952 was swept-wing fighter/attack/reconnaissance two-seater. Saab 35 Draken "double-delta" fighter appeared in 1955, and a squadron remained active as interceptors until 1999. Saab 105 of 1963, a twin-jet light side-by-side two-seater armed multipurpose aircraft, still in use as a trainer in 1999; Swedish Air Force aircraft have just undergone an upgrade with new engines and thus redesignated Sk 60W. Saab 37
Saab 35 ''Draken''
35 "Draken"
Viggen multirole combat aircraft, first flown February 1967, has foreplane and delta wings, and with its STOL capability remains a very potent weapon system. Produced for service between 1971 and 1990, it has been continuously upgraded; redelivered in latest upgraded form 1998 for continued service in JA 37 interceptor and AJS 37 attack/interceptor/maritime-reconnaissance variants. Latest combat aircraft is Saab AB Gripen JAS 39 Gripen, first flown December 1988 and taken into Swedish Air Force service from 1996. Grippen
Saab 37 ''Viggen''
37 "Viggen"
is the world's first combat aircraft of the new-generation type and the first to combine the roles of interceptor, attack, and reconnaissance in a single aircraft (all as primary roles) by the adoption of push-button control to select the required function in the computer programs of the totally integrated avionics suite.

Civil types have included Saab 90 Scandia twin-engined 32-passenger transport (first flown November 1946); Saab 91 Safir all-metal 3/4-seater (first flown November 1945); two/three-seat high-wing Safari (first flown
Saab 39 ''Gripen''
39 "Gripen"
in July 1969) and its military Supporter development (first flown 1972). In production until 1999 has been the Saab 340 turboprop regional transport (first flown January 1983, and finally produced in 340B and BPIus variants with accommodation for up to 37 passengers) and the Saab 2000 50/58-seat turboprop regional airliner (first flown March 1992). Saab has also developed an airborne early warning and control variant of the 340B airliner as the S100B Argus (first flight of AEW&C prototype with overfuseiage radar July 1994), plus a search-and-rescue variant for the Japanese Maritime Safety Agency as the SAR-200 (delivered 1997).


SAAB (Suède)  
А.32 LANSEN Многоцелевой штурмовик A.32 LANSEN Multi-attaque avion
AJ.37 VIGGEN Тактический ударный истребитель AJ.37 Viggen Tactical Fighter frappe
B 17 Пикирующий бомбардировщик Bombardier B 17 de plongée
B 18 Пикирующий бомбардировщик Bombardier B 18 de plongée
J.21 Истребитель J.21 Fighter
J.21R Многоцелевой истребитель J.21R polyvalente Fighter
J.29 TUNNAN Многоцелевой истребитель J.29 TUNNAN de combat polyvalent
J.32B LANSEN Истребитель-перехватчик J.32B LANSEN Fighter intercepteur
J.35 DRAKEN Многоцелевой истребитель J.35 Draken de combat polyvalent
J.35F DRAKEN Многоцелевой истребитель J.35F Draken de combat polyvalent
J.35J DRAKEN Многоцелевой истребитель J.35J Draken de combat polyvalent
JA.37 VIGGEN Многоцелевой истребитель Viggen JA.37 de combat polyvalent
JAS.39 GRIPEN Многоцелевой истребитель JAS.39 polyvalent de combat Gripen
MFI-17 SUPPORTER Легкий ударный самолет MFI-17 SUPPORT avions légers de frappe
S.17 Фронтовой разведчик S.17 Front scout
S.18 Тактический фоторазведчик S.18 tactique fotorazvedchik
S.100B ARGUS Самолет ДРЛО ARGUS S.100B Airplane DRLO
SAAB 105 Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик SAAB 105 avion léger polyvalent attaque
SAAB 201 LILLDRAKEN Экспериментальный самолет SAAB 201 LILLDRAKEN Experimental avion
SAAB 340 AEW Самолет ДРЛО SAAB 340 AEW avion DRLO
SAAB 2000 JETPROP Средний транспортный самолет SAAB 2000 JETPROP Medium Transport Aircraft
SF-37 Тактический разведчик SF-37 intelligence tactique
SH-37 Тактический разведчик SH-37 intelligence tactique
Sk.35 Учебно-тренировочный самолет Formation Sk.35 avion
Sk.60 Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик Sk.60 légère Multi-attaque avion
T 18 Ударный самолет T 18 avions de frappe
TP 100 Транспортный самолет для особо важных персон TP 100 avions de transport pour les personnes les plus importantes 


SPARRMANN (Suède) In 1936 built S-1 single-seat low-wing monoplane trainer. Several delivered to Swedish Air Force 
S 1-A SPARRMANNJAGAREN Учебно-тренировочный самолет S-1-A SPARRMANNJAGAREN Avions  

In 1936 built S-1 single-seat low-wing monoplane trainer. Several delivered to Swedish Air Force.

SVENSKA AERO (Suède) From 1921 built aircraft at Lidingo to Heinkel design; sometimes called Svenska Aero Aktiebolaget (Heinkel)  SVENSKAAERO AKTIEBOLAGET
J 5 JAKTFALKEN Истребитель J 5 JAKTFALKEN Fighter
J 6 JAKTFALKEN I/II Учебный истребитель J 6 JAKTFALKEN I / II d'étude de combat
SA-10 PIRATEN Учебно-тренировочный самолет SA-10 PIRATEN formation avion
SA-12 SKOLFALKEN Учебно-тренировочный самолет SA-12 SKOLFALKEN formation avion

From 1921 built aircraft at Lidingo to Heinkel design; sometimes called Svenska Aero Aktiebolaget (Heinkel). S.1 was typical Heinkel (Brandenburg) twin-float seaplane, variously powered; S.11 was development; H.D.14 was torpedo- bomber biplane; H.D.17 fighter-reconnaissance biplane. Of Swedish design were Pirat two-seat multipurpose biplane, Falken trainer and Jaktfalk single-seat biplane fighter. In 1931 company liquidated and effects taken over by AB Svenska Jarnvagsverkstadern (q.v.) which company brought Jaktfalk production to 18.


In early/mid-1930s, at Linkoping, built Viking three-seat cabin monoplane with wheel or float landing gear, developed later into Viking II four-seater; also Type 2 light multipurpose aircraft; and produced under license Raab-Katzenstein Tigerschwalbe trainers for Swedish Air Force. In 1939 company's Aircraft Division amalgamated with Svenska Aeroplan AB., helping to form SAAB (q.v.)


LIENS & sources  



                     Très site tenu par Maksim Starostin in Estonia          
Alphabetical List of Aircraft : A 
| B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z 
Aircraft Manufacturers: AA | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


The Probert Encyclopaedia of Aircraft  

  Galerie site polonais  ( site polonais samoloty.ow.pl/ )    INDEX  Sites le Peps      

Many nations gave birth to aviation and the pioneers who propelled its stunning successes. To recognize these contributions, we asked the International Council of Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS) to have each ICAS country identify its pioneers and present the story of its national achievements in aerospace. 
The notable figures profiled here are but a few examples of those who could be considered. If you feel your country or its pioneers are not sufficiently represented and you have the history to share, please contact Sharon Grace.
country profiles
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United States
United States

Pioneer profiles (modifié par lepeps) 

Frank W. Caldwell
Leonardo da Vinci
Lawrence Hargrave
Alberto Santos-Dumont
Orville & Wilbur Wright
Patty Wagstaff
Octave Chanute
Alexander de Seversky 
- Henri Fabre 

Otto Lilienthal
Igor Sikorsky
Mario Calderara
Jacqueline Cochran
Amelia Earhart
Hermann Oberth
Wernher von Braun
Charles Yeager


En dépit du soin apporté à la rédaction de ces pages, il est toujours possible qu'une erreur se soit glissée. Je vous  remercie de me faire part (cliquez sur l'icône E-MAIL) de toute anomalie, afin de pouvoir la rectifier dans les meilleurs délais. Il est possible aussi que certaines images et certains textes n'appartiennent pas au domaine public. Dans ce cas merci de m'indiquer le fonds documentaire concerné et les propriétaires de l'œuvre afin que je fasse le nécessaire.