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AICHI (Japon)    Established 1899, but first built airplanes in 1920 and aero engines in 1927.
В7А RYUSEI Палубный бомбардировщик-торпедоносец V7A RYUSEI Deck bombardier-torpilleur
D1A Пикиpующий бомбаpдиpовщик D1A Pikipuyuschy bombapdipovschik
D3A VAL Палубный ударный пикирующий бомбардировщик D3a VAL Deck de plongée percussion bombardier
E11A Летающая лодка-ночной разведчик E11A-vol de nuit en bateau agent du service
E13A Поплавковый гидpосамолет-pазведчик E13A float gidposamolet-pazvedchik
Е16А ZUIUN Поплавковый гидpосамолет-pазведчик E16A ZUIUN float gidposamolet-pazvedchik
H9A Учебная летающая лодка H9A Formation Flying Boat
М6А SEIRAN Бомбаpдиpовщик подводной лодки M6A Seiran Bombapdipovschik sous-marin
S1A DENKO Ночной истребитель S1A DENKO de chasse de nuit

AICHI TOKEI DENKI KABUSHIKI KAISHA 9   D1A  E11A   D3A  E13A  H9A  E16A "Tsuyun"  B7A "Ryusei"  M6A "Seyran"  S1A "Denko"

Established 1899, but first built airplanes in 1920 and aero engines in 1927. From 1920s essentially a supplier to the Japanese Navy, but built civil types also, including a mail plane for the Japan Air Transport Company. Had technical agreement with Heinkel in Germany and imported specimen aircraft, which
Aichi E13A ''Jake''
it developed for Japanese Navy requirements. Resulting aircraft (DIAtype of 1934) sank US gunboat Panay in 1937. Later D3A monoplane was perhaps the most famous of the company's types, duplicating German interest in dive-bombers. Code-named "Val" by the Allies, this type attacked Pearl Harbor December 7,1941, and was also successful against British warships in the Indian Ocean. H9A1 twin-engined flying-boat was built in numbers; also notably E16A reconnaissance floatplane; B7A attack bomber; and the M6A catapultlaunched submarine-borne bomber, intended to attack such targets as the lock gates of the Panama Canal


FA-200 AERO SUBARU Легкий многоцелевой самолет FA-200 AERO SUBARU avion léger multi -
KM-2 Учебно-тренировочный самолет KM-2 Formation des avions
КМ-2Kai Учебно-тренировочный самолет CM-2Kai formation avion
T-1 Учебно-боевой самолет T-1 de formation avion de guerre
Т-5 Учебно-тренировочный самолет T-5 de formation des avions

Successor to Nakajima Aircraft Company, established 15 July 1953 with factory at Utsunomiya City. Built Cessna L-19E Bird Dog observation aircraft under license. Concluded agreement with Beech in November 1953 to manufacture Beech B45 Mentor trainers; total of 124 built, deliveries commencing August 1954. From Mentor Fuji developed LM-1 Nikko four-seat liaison aircraft, first flown June 1955. Similar two-seat KM-2 developed. KM-2B with widened fuselage and tandem seating for two selected as JASDF primary trainer in August 1975. Fuji assembled or built more than 120 Bell 204B/B2 helicopters from 1962. 

Fuji T-1 two-seat jet trainer was first postwar Japanese jet aircraft. Forty T-1 As built with Bristol Orpheus engines, and 20 T-1 Bs with Japanese engines. FA-200 Aero Subaru four-seat light aircraft first flown August 31,1965 (nearly 300 built). Work on FA-300 twin-engined light transport began 1971, continued as joint venture with Rockwell International, U.S.A., following agreement signed June 28,1974, as Rockwell Commander 700; prototype first flown in Japan on November 13,1974 and 30 delivered before cooperation ended in 1980 (also development of the higher-powered FA-300/Commander 710 then ended). Current programs include production of the T-5 primary/basic trainer for the JMSDF (as turboprop development of the KM-2, with KM-2Kai prototype flying in April 1988) AH-1S attack helicopter, 205B/UH-1J generalpurpose helicopters (205Bs from 1995, military UH-Us from 1993), participation in the Mitsubishi F-2 program, subcontract work on the Mitsubishi F-15J and Kawasaki P-3C and T-4, manufacture of assemblies for a range of Boeing airliners, production of UAVs, and participation in space programs.

HONDA (Japon)
HA-420 HONDAJET Административный самолет HA-420 avions HONDAJET d'administration avion affaires 2003

Hire's Navy Type 90-1 three-engined flying-boat, built in the early 1930s, had Japanese-built Hispano-Suiza engines and bore a close resemblance to the German Rohrbach flying-boats. In 1932 the company started work on a twin-engined land-based attack bomber, Hiro G2H1, which went into production in 1935 as Navy Type 95. Only eight were built, two by Mitsubishi, which subsequently developed a long-range reconnaissance version which influenced the design of the successful Mitsubishi G3M bomber.

Founded in 1939, this company produced the Hitachi T- 2 two-seat sesquiplane trainer of wood and metal construction.

Financed TW-68 program for the development in the U.S.A. of a tilt-rotor passenger and utility aircraft during 1990s

ISHIKAWAJIMA 1   Ishikawajima R-5   
Ishikawajima Kokuki KK formed at Tokyo December 1924, with factory at Tachikawa. Built small batches of 2-seat biplanes:T-2/-3 recon, R-1/-2/-3/-5 trainers and light ambulance (later designated KKY). KKY with 130hp Cirrus replaced by 150hp Ha-12 or Kamikaze radial was developed as KS-I for survey duty while company was being reorganised 1936 as (below) Tachikawa

ITOH CHU KOKU SEIBI KABUSHIKI KAISHA ==> below Shin Nihon Koku Seibi Kabushiki Kaisha.Z
KAWASAKI (Japon) (KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA)  Formed in 1918 as subsidiary of heavy-industrial complex Kawasaki Jukogyo to build aircraft and aero engines.
ASUKA Экспериментальный транспортный самолет ASUKA pilote transporteur
ВК.117 Многоцелевой вертолет VK.117 hélicoptère polyvalent
EC-1 Самолет радиотехнической разведки CE-1 avion de reconnaissance de la radio
Ka.87 Тяжелый бомбардировщик Ka.87 bombardier
Ki-10 Истребитель Ki-10 Fighter
Ki-28 Истребитель Ki-28 Fighter
Ki-32 Легкий бомбардировщик Ki-32 bombardier léger
Ki-45 TORYU Ночной тяжелый истребитель Ki-45 de combat lourds TORYU Night
Ki-48 Легкий бомбардировщик Ki-48 bombardier léger
Ki-56 Транспортный самолет Ki-56, avion de transport
Ki-60 Истребитель-перехватчик Ki-60 chasseur-intercepteur
Ki-61 HIEN Истребитель Ki-61 HIEN Fighter
Ki-64 Истребитель Ki-64 Fighter
Ki-66 Пикирующий бомбардировщик Ki-66-bombardier plongée
Ki-78 Экспериментальный скоростной самолет Ki-78-pilote à grande vitesse des avions
Ki-88 Истребитель Ki-88 Fighter
Ki.91 Стратегический бомбардировщик Ki.91 bombardier stratégique
Ki-96 Двухмотоpный истpебитель Ki-96 Dvuhmotopny istpebitel
Кi-100 Истребитель Ki-100 Fighter
Ki-102 Ночной истребитель-штурмовик Ki-102 Night-attaque avion de combat
KV-107 Многоцелевой транспортный вертолет KV-107 hélicoptères de transport à usages multiples
MC-20 Средний транспортный самолет MC-20 Medium Transport Aircraft
OН-1 NINJA Многоцелевой вертолет Il NINJA-1 hélicoptère polyvalent
ОН-Х Вспомогательный и тренировочный вертолет ON-X et de la formation hélicoptère
Р-2 Патрульный самолет R-2 avion de patrouille
T-4 Учебно-боевой самолет T-4 Formation avion de guerre


KAWASAKI KOKUKI KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA 17    KDA-5 Ki-10  Ki-28  Ki-32  Ki-45 "Toryu"  Ki-48  Ki-56 Ki-60  Ki-61 "Hien"    Ki-66   Ki-78  Ki-64  Ki-96  Ki-102  Ki-108  Ki-100  C-1

Formed in 1918 as subsidiary of heavy-industrial complex Kawasaki Jukogyo to build aircraft and aero engines. Based at Kobe, in the early 1930s built Salmson biplanes and engines as well as own designs. Had Dornier license for all-metal construction, and in December 1924 the first Kawasaki-Dornier Wai flying-boat made a notable flight with a German pilot. Thereafter made aircraft mainly for the Japanese Army. A designer of Kawasaki landplanes was German Dr. Richard Vogt, with the company 1923-1933. Vogt designs were Type 88 reconnaissance biplane (1927), Type 92 single-seat biplane fighter (1930), and Ki-3 single-engined biplane bomber. Japanesedesigned were Ki-10 single-seat fighter biplane (1935), Ki-32 single-engined monoplane bomber (1937), Ki-45 fast and widely used twin-engined fighter (1939), Ki-48 twin-engined light bomber (1939), Ki-61 single-seat fighter (liquid-cooled engine and showing German influence (1941), Ki-100 radial-engined development (1944), and Ki-102 twin-engined fighter (1944). 
After the war, in March 1954, a new company of the same name was founded by the merger of Kabushiki Kaisha Kawasaki Gifu Seisakusho and Kawasaki Kikai Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha. The Kawasaki KAL-1 (July 1953) was the first postwar all-metal aircraft of Japanese
design. Early production covered 210 Lockheed T-33 jet trainers, 48 Lockheed P-2H Neptunes and 239 Bell Model 47 helicopters, all built under license from the USA. Also made major components for the NAMC YS-11 turboprop transport. Company reorganized in April 1969 as Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha. In November 1970 flew C-1 twinturbofan military transport, production aircraft later going to the JASDF. Went on to complete 82 P-2Js (derived from Neptune), 211 KH-4 helicopters (derived from the Model 47), 160 KV107 helicopters (derived from the Boeing Vertol 107 Model II), and many Hughes/McDonnell Douglas Model 500D and 0H-6DA helicopters (production continued through 1998). Produced the Lockheed Martin P-3C Orion for the JMSDF; 101 st and final aircraft delivered in 1997, when four EP-3/UP-3D electronic intelligence/training variants remained to be delivered up to the year 2000. Also produced 16 CH-47J examples of Boeing Chinook for the JASDF and is completing delivery of 52 CH-47JAs to the JGSDF. Is prime contractor on the new OH-1 Kogata Kansoku armed scout, observation and attack helicopter (first flown August 1996), and had almost completed manufacture of some 200 T-4 intermediate jet trainers and liaison aircraft for the JASDF by 1998. Also constructs components and assemblies for the the F-15J and various Airbus and Boeing airliners. Is teamed with Eurocopter on the BK117 helicopter, and has engine and space programs.

Kawasaki Ki-45 ''Toryu'' / ''NICK''
Ki-45 "Toryu"


E7K Гидросамолет-разведчик E7K hydravion-agent
Е15К SHIUN Гидросамолет-разведчик E15K SHIUN hydravion-agent
H6K Летающая лодка-разведчик H6K battant bateau-scout
H8K Летающая лодка-разведчик Flying H8K bateau-scout
J3K JINPU Истребитель-перехватчик J3K JINPU Fighter intercepteur
J6K JINPU Истребитель-перехватчик J6K JINPU Fighter intercepteur
N1K KYOFU Поплавковый истребитель N1K KYOFU flotteur de chasse
N1K1-J SHIDEN Истребитель N1K1-J SHIDEN Fighter
N1K2-J SHIDEN-KAI Истребитель N1K2-J-SHIDEN KAI Fighter

KAWANISHI KOKUKI KOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA 6    E7K    H6K   H8K   E15K "Shiun"    N1K-J "Shiden"   N1K "Kyofu"
In July 1924 A Kawanishi biplane seaplane made a round- Japan flight in nine days. Company formed as above in November 1928, taking over factory and windtunnel (at Kobe) of Kawanishi Machine Works. Held Short Bros license and was Rolls-Royce agent. At the time of formation was supplying aircraft, components, and accessories to Japanese Navy. Early types included a single-seat biplane
fighter and a two-seat long-range high-wing monoplane. At the end of 1930 moved to new works at Narao. In February 1933 flew new three-seat reconnaissance floatplane (E7K) adopted by Japanese Naval Service. Short and Rolls-Royce connections manifested in Navy type 90-2 (K.F.1) flyingboat, built in England, assembled in Japan. Built from 1936 a highly successful long-range maritime reconnaissance/ bomber/transport flying-boat, the strut-braced H6K. Subsequent H8K had deep hull and cantilever wing. N1K single-seat fighter monoplane of 1942 originated as floatplane but was developed into outstanding landplane. Projects included suicide aircraft based on German V-1. In 1949 the company re-emerged as ShinMaywa.

Kawanishi N1K ''Kyofu'' / ''Rex''
N1K "Kyofu"




KAYABA (Japon)
Ka-1 Разведывательный автожир Ka-1 autogire Intelligence  

In 1939 a U.S.-built Kellett KD-1A autogiro was exported to Japan. K. K. Kayaba Seisakusho developed Ka-1 along similar lines for Japanese Navy; used for observation, antisubmarine patrol (incl. shipbome), and for testing rocketaugmented rotors. Ka-2 was reengined.


Te-Go Разведчик-корректировщик Te-Go scout spotter


Kokusai (Japon)
Ki.59 Легкий транспортный самолет Ki.59 Light Avions de Transport
Ki.105 OHTORI Транспортный самолет Ki.105 OHTORI avions de transport
Ku.7 MANAZURU Транспортный планер Ku.7 MANAZURU Transport planeur
Ku.8 Транспортный планер Transport Ku.8 planeur
Ta-Go Ударный самолет для камикадзе Ta-Go frappe jet de kamikaze


Koshiki (Japon)
A-3 Самолет-разведчик A-3, de l'intelligence 1924


Kyushu (Japon)
J7W SHINDEN Перспективный истребитель-перехватчик J7W Shinden prometteur des chasseurs-intercepteurs
K9W Учебно-тренировочный самолет Formation K9W avion
K10W Учебно-тренировочный самолет Formation K10W avion
Ki.86 Учебно-тренировочный самолет Formation Ki.86 avion
Q1W TOKAI Патрульный противолодочный самолет Q1W TOKAI avions de patrouille anti -


MAEDA (Japon)
Ku.1 Транспортно-десантный планер Transport Ku.1 atterrissage planeur


MANSYU (Japon)
Ki.79 Многоцелевой тренировочный самолет Ki.79 avion polyvalent de formation
Ki-98 Ударный самолет Ki-98 avions de frappe


MITSUBISHI (Japon)  Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. formed April 11,1934, merger of Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd. and Mitsubishi Aircraft Co Ltd.  
1MF Палубный истребитель 1MF Deck de combat
1MT1N Бомбардировщик-торпедоносец 1MT1N Bomber, torpille
2MB2 WASHI Легкий бомбардировщик 2MB2 WASHI Light bombardier
A5M Истребитель A5M Fighter
А6М2-К Учебно-боевой истребитель A6M2-K de lutte contre la formation de combat
A7M REPPU Палубный истребитель A7m REPPU Deck de combat
B1M Бомбардировщик-торпедоносец B1M Bomber, torpille
B2M Бомбардировщик-торпедоносец B2M-torpille Bomber
B5M Палубный бомбардировщик-торпедоносец B5M Deck bombardier-torpilleur
C5M Многоцелевой разведчик C5M multi-agent
F-1 Многоцелевой истребитель F-1 de combat polyvalent
F1M Pазведывательный гидросамолет F1M Pazvedyvatelny hydravion
F-2 Многоцелевой истребитель F-2 de combat polyvalent
FS-X Многоцелевой истребитель FS-X Multi-combattant
G3M NELL Дальний морской бомбардировщик G3M NELL marine d'Extrême-bombardier
G4M Дальний морской бомбардировщик Loin de mer G4M bombardier
G6M Тяжелый эскортный истребитель G6M escorte de combat lourds
J2M RAIDEN Истребитель-перехватчик J2M RAIDEN Fighter intercepteur
J4M SENDEN Истребитель-перехватчик J4M senden Fighter intercepteur
J8M SHUSUI Истребитель-перехватчик J8M SHUSUI Fighter intercepteur
K3M Учебно-тренировочный самолет Formation K3M avion
K7M Учебно-тренировочный самолет K7M formation avion
Ki-1 Тяжелый бомбардировщик Ki-1 bombardier
Ki-2 Средний бомбардировщик Ki-2 Moyen bombardier
Кi-15 Многоцелевой разведчик Ki-15 Multi-agent
Ki-18 Истребитель Ki-18 Fighter
Ki-20 Тяжелый бомбардировщик Ki-20 bombardier
Ki-21 Средний бомбардировщик La moyenne de Ki-21 bombardier
Ki-30 Легкий бомбардировщик Ki-30 bombardier léger
Ki-46-I(II) Скоростной разведчик Ki-46-I (II) à grande vitesse scout
Ki-46-III(IV) Скоростной разведчик Ki-46-III (IV) à grande vitesse scout
Ki-46-III KAI Истребитель ПВО Ki-46-III KAI avions de chasse
Ki-51 Штурмовик-разведчик Ki-51-scout plan d'attaque
Ki-57 Средний транспортный самолет Ki-57 Medium Transport Aircraft
Ki-67 HIRYU Тяжелый бомбардировщик Ki-67 bombardier Hiryu
Ki-83 Тяжелый экскортный истребитель Ki-83 de combat lourds ekskortny
Ki-109 Тяжелый истребитель-перехватчик Ki-109-intercepteur de combat lourds
Ki-167 Бомбардировщик-камикадзе Ki-167-Bomber kamikaze
Ki-200 SHUSUI Истребитель-перехватчик SHUSUI Ki-200 chasseur-intercepteur
Кi-202 SHUSUI-KAI Истребитель-перехватчик Ki-202-KAI SHUSUI Fighter intercepteur
LR-1 Легкий транспортный и ударный самолет LR-1 légers de transport et d'avions d'attaque
МН2000 Многоцелевой вертолет MN2000 hélicoptère polyvalent
МU-2 Легкий транспортный и ударный самолет MU-2 de transport léger et d'avions d'attaque
T-2 Учебно-боевой самолет T-2 Formation avion de guerre
T-2CCV Экспериментальный самолет T-2CCV Experimental avion

MITSUBISHI JUKOGYO KABUSHIKI KAISHA 39   1MF 1921 2MR 1922 B1M  2MB1  1MF9 Taka  1MF2 Hayabusa  K3M  2MR8  B2M  Ki-1  Ki-2  1MF10  G3M  Ka-8  A5M  Ka-14  Ki-18  Ki-15 / C5M  Ki-21  F1M  B5M  Ki-33  Ki-30  A6M "Reisen"  Ki-46  Ki-51  Ki-57  G4M  J2M "Raiden"  Ki-67 "Hiryu"  Ki-83  Ki-109  A7M "Reppu"  J8M "Shusui"  Ki-167  MU-2  T-2  F-1  MU-300 / Diamond
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd. formed April 11,1934, merger of Mitsubishi Shipbuilding and Engineering Co Ltd. and Mitsubishi Aircraft Co Ltd. Long association with Japanese Navy, commencing with Type 10, operational 1922. Most notable aircraft were 1937 A5M4 "Claude"; 1942 J2M3 'Jack'; 1939 A6M3 'Zeke' (Zero), which were all fighters; 1941 Ki-46 'Dinah' reconnaissance aircraft; 1940 G3M1 "Nell" and 1941 G4M1 "Betty" medium bombers; 1940 Ki-21 "Sally" heavy bomber; and its replacement, 1944 Ki-67"Peggy."
Post-war built North American F-86F Sabres, Sikorsky S-55s, S-62As, and S-61s, and Lockheed F-104J Starfighters with Kawasaki, with which company it also manufactured McDonnell Douglas F-4EJ Phantoms. Produced 90 T-2 supersonic jet trainers, the first Japanesedeveloped supersonic aircraft (first flown 1971 and all delivered by 1988) and 77 F-1 single-seat close-air-support derivatives (all delivered by 1987). Developed MU-2 turboprop executive aircraft (first flown 1963), built in Japan and assembled and marketed in U.S.A. by subsidiary Mitsubishi Aircraft International, followed by the MU-300 Diamond (first flown 1978), which later became the Beech Model 400 Beechjet. Produced 213 McDonnell Douglas (now Boeing) F- 15J/DJ fighters for JASDF by 1998, and in October 1995 first flew new Japanese-developed F-2 fighter support aircraft, intended to replace F-1 and based on F-16 but incorporating new technologies. Currently modernizing F-4EJ fleet, is a partner in the Bombardier Global Express program, has a 20% share in the Kawasaki OH-1 helicopter program, constructs Sikorsky S-70B-3 helicopters for the JMSDF as SH-60JS (the first flew 1991) plus UH-6OJs for SAR with JMSDF and JASDF and UH-60JAS for JGSDF, has developed the new MH2000 twin-turbine multipurpose helicopter (first flown July 1996), and constructs components forthe Dash 8, various Boeing airliners and Sikorsky S-92. Also has engine and space activities.

Mitsubishi Ki-67 ''Hiryu'' / ''PEGGY''
Ki-67 "Hiryu"



NAMC (Japon)
C-1 Военно-транспортный самолет средней дальности C-1 avion de transport militaire moyen-courriers
YS-11 Среднемагистральный пассажирский самолет YS-11 avions de transport de passagers moyen
NAKAJIMA (Japon) Nakajima's Ki-27 ("Nate"), the Imperial Japanese Army's first monoplane low-wing fighter, entered service in 1936 and outnumbered all other Japanese fighters at the time of Pearl Harbor
A2N Палубный истребитель A2N Deck de combat
A4N Палубный истребитель A4N Deck de combat
A6M2-N Поплавковый истребитель A6M2-N flotteur de chasse
B3N Палубный бомбардировщик B3N pont bombardier
B5N KATE Палубный бомбардировщик-торпедоносец KATE B5N Deck bombardier-torpilleur
В6N TENZAN Палубный бомбардировщик-торпедоносец V6N TENZAN Deck bombardier-torpilleur
C3N Палубный разведчик C3N Deck scout
С6N SAIUN Палубный разведчик S6N SAIUN Deck scout
C6N-1S Ночной истребитель C6N-1S chasseur de nuit
E2N Гидросамолет-разведчик E2N hydravion-agent
E4N Гидросамолет-разведчик E4N hydravion-agent
Е8N Разведывательный гидросамолет E8N Intelligence hydravion
G5N SHINZAN Дальний бомбардировщик G5N SHINZAN bombardier longue distance
G8N RENZAN Тяжелый бомбардировщик G8N RENZAN bombardier lourd
G10N FUGAKU Тяжелый бомбардировщик G10N Fugaku bombardier lourd
J1N GEKKO Многоцелевой истребитель J1N Gekko de combat polyvalent
J5N TENRAI Истребитель-перехватчик J5N TENRAI Fighter intercepteur
J8N KITSUKA Истребитель-перехватчик J8N KITSUKA Fighter intercepteur
Ki-4 Многоцелевой разведчик Ki-4 multi-agents
Ki-8 Истребитель Ki-8 Fighter
Ki-11 Истребитель Ki-11 Fighter
Ki-19 Тяжелый бомбардировщик Ki-19 bombardier
Ki-27 Истребитель Ki-27 Fighter
Ki-34 Армейский транспортный самолет Ki-34 Armée de l'avion de transport
Ki-43 HAYABUSA Истребитель Ki-43 Hayabusa Fighter
Ki-44 SHOKI Истребитель-перехватчик Ki-44 chasseur-intercepteur Shoki
Ki-49 DONRYU Средний бомбардировщик Ki-49 bombardier moyen DONRYU
Ki-58 Тяжелый эскортный истребитель Ki-58 de combat lourds d'escorte
Ki-84 HAYATE Истребитель Ki-84 Hayate Fighter
Кi-87 Высотный истребитель Ki-87 de combat de haute altitude
Кi-115 TSURUGI Бомбардировщик-камикадзе Ki-115 Tsurugi Bomber-kamikaze
Ki-201 KARYU Истребитель-бомбардировщик Ki-201 Fighter KARYU-bombardier
KIKKA Реактивный бомбардировщик-штурмовик Kikka jet avion bombardier-attaque
NC Истребитель NC Fighter
TYPE 91 Истребитель TYPE 91 Fighter

NAKAJIMA HIKOKI KABUSHIKI KAISHA 24   E2N  A2N  E4N  Type 91  E8N  Ki-4  A4N  Ki-27  Ki-34  B5N  Ki-43 "Hayabusa"  Ki-49 "Donryu"  Ki-44 "Shoki"  B6N "Tenzan"  J1N   Gekko"  A6M2-N  G5N "Shinzan"  C6N "Saiun"  Ki-84 "Hayate"  G8N "Renzan"  J5N "Tenrai"  "Kikka"  Ki-115 "Tsurugi"  Ki-87  

Nakajima's Ki-27 ("Nate"), the Imperial Japanese Army's first monoplane low-wing fighter, entered service in 1936 and outnumbered all other Japanese fighters at the time of Pearl Harbor. The B5N ("Kate" carrier-based torpedo bomber played a major role in that attack, and was largely responsible for sinking the
Nakajima Ki-49 ''Donryu'' / ''HELEN''
Ki-49 "Donryu"
U.S. aircraft carriers during the Battle of Midway. Nakajima's Ki-43 Hyabusa ("Oscar")interceptor fighter, though deficient in firepower, was the mount of most Japanese fighter aces. The much less manoeuvrable Ki-44 Shoki ("Tojo") was used primarily as a homedefense fighter. Other significant Nakajima aircraft included the B6N Tenzan ("Jill"' torpedo-bomber, the J1N1 Gekko ("Irving") three-seat reconnaissance/nightfighter; the Ki- 49 Donryu ("Helen") heavy bomber; and the Ki-84 Hayate ("Frank"), a good all-round fighter, though relatively unproven in battle. Nakajima also developeda floatplane version of the Zero fighter as the A6M-2 ("Rufe")

==> below  Nihon Kokuki Seizo Kabushiki Kaisha.

Established at Kyoto in October 1939, by Kanegafuchi Cotton Mill and the Italian Fiat Company, to produce Fiat aircraft and engines under license. 

NIHON (Japon)
Ku.11 Транспортно-десантный планер Transport Ku.11 atterrissage planeur
L7P Многоцелевая летающая лодка L7P plurisectorielle bateau volant

Best known as Nippi, original Yokohama works date from 1935. Atsugi works followed for maintenance and repair of Japanese aircraft and of U.S. Navy aircraft in region. Yokohama manufactures components/assemblies for Japanese aircraft and Boeing airliners. Has carried out YS- 11EA ECM conversions (first flown 1991).

NIHON KOKUKI SEIZO KABUSHIKI KAISHA Following the decision made in 1956 to develop a mediumsized passenger airliner in Japan, a Transport Aircraft Development Association was established in May 1957, and succeeded in June 1959 by Nihon (better remembered as NAMC), responsible for the development and manufacture of the NAMC YS-11 twin-turboprop airliner (first flown 1962), which was delivered to airlines in the U.S.A., Europe, and the Far East, and to the Japanese Air Self Defense Force; for the latter Nihon converted aircraft as electronic countermeasures (ECM) YS-11E.

NIPPI  See Nihon Hikoki Kabushiki Kaisha.

NIPPON KOKUSAI KOKUKI KOGYU KABUSHIKI KAISHA Formed in June 1941 by the amalgamation of Nippon Koku Kogyu KK and Kokusai Kokuki KK, this small manufacturer produced sub-components and built the Kokusai Ki 86 biplane trainer, a version of the German Bucker Bu 131 Jungmann.

This branch of Nihon aircraft works built the N52 two-seat lightplane in 1952, and collaborated with Tokyo University students in the design and construction of a two-seat sailplane.

Ki-93 Tяжелый истребитель Ki-93 de combat Tyazhely

During Second World War built in quantity the Mitsubishidesigned F1M2 shipboard spotter/reconnaissance central- float seaplane, last operational biplane to serve with Japanese Navy. 

SHIN NIHON KOKU SEIBI KABUSHIKI KAISHA Established December 1952 as Itoh Chu Koku Seibi Kabushiki Kaisha to maintain and repair light aircraft. In 1960 produced the N-58 Cygnet light cabin monoplane designed by students at Nihon University. Aided in development of, and produced, N-62 Eaglet four-seater also designed at Nihon University. Late in 1968 converted a number of North American T-6 Texan trainers to represent Nakajima BSN torpedo-bombers for film Tora! Tora! Tora! Adopted above company name on May 29,1970, thereafter concentrating on manufacture of aircraft equipment.

SHIN Meiwa (Japon)
РS-1 Многоцелевой самолет-амфибия RS-1 avion amphibie polyvalent
SS-2 Многоцелевой самолет-амфибия SS-2 Multi-avion amphibie
US-1 Многоцелевой самолет-амфибия US-1 avion amphibie polyvalent
US-1A Kai Многоцелевой самолет-амфибия US-1A Kai avion amphibie polyvalent

ShinMaywa became the title of the Kawanishi company after reestablishment in October 1949 as overhaul center for Japanese and U.S. aircraft.

Before and during Second World War built the Douglas DC-3 under license. After war was first Japanese aircraft manufacturing company to resume operations, under U.S. Government contracts. Aided in manufacture of NAMC YS-11 Japanese-designed transport.


Tachikawa (Japon) New name from 1936 of Ishikawajima Aircraft Company Ltd. TACHIKAWA 11
Ki-9 Учебно-тренировочный самолет Ki-9 avions de formation
Ki-17 Учебно-тренировочный самолет Ki-17 avions de formation
Ki-36 Многоцелевой штурмовик Ki-36 d'attaque polyvalents avion
Ki-54 Многоцелевой транспортно-учебный самолет Ki-54 Multi-manutention des avions
Ki-55 Учебно-тренировочный самолет Ki-55, avion de formation
Ki-74 Высотный разведчик-бомбардировщик Ki-74 à haute altitude, l'intelligence bombardier
Ki-77 Экспериментальный дальний самолет Ki-77 expérimental avions long-courriers
Ki-94 Высотный истребитель Ki-94 de combat de haute altitude
Ki-94-II Высотный истребитель Ki-94-II de haute altitude de combat
Ki-106 Истребитель Ki-106 Fighter
KKY Санитарный самолет KKY ambulances

TACHIKAWA 11   KKY  Ki-9  Ki-17  Ki-36  Ki-55  Ki-54  Ki-77  Ki-70  Ki-74  Ki-94  Ki-106  
New name from 1936 of Ishikawajima Aircraft Company Ltd. Built for Japanese Army Air Force the Ki-9 and Ki-17 two-seat biplane trainers from 1935-1942 and 1935-1944 respectively; Ki-36 Army co-operation monoplane and its trainer derivative, the Ki-55 (1938-1944 and 1939-1943); the twin-engined Ki-54 multipurpose trainer-transport (1940-1945) and, under license as the army Type LO, 64 examples of the Lockheed Model 14 twin-engined transport. Other ventures included the Ki- 74 long-range pressurized twin-engined reconaissancebomber of 1944-1945 and prototypes of the twin-engined reconaissance Ki-70, Ki-77 and Ki-94 high-altitude "heavy" fighter. Company re-formed November 1949 as Shin Tachikawa Kokuki Kabushiki Kaisha. Built prototypes of the R-52 lightplane (first all-Japanese post-war aircraft) and R-53 in 1950s.

Tachikawa Ki-36 ''IDA''




TOKYO-Koku (Japon)
Ki.107 Учебно-тренировочный самолет Formation Ki.107 avion
E9W Гидросамолет-разведчик для подводной лодки E9W hydravion-scout pour le sous-marin  

The Watanabe Ironworks (K. K.WatanabeTekkosho) began making aircraft parts during 1920s, building trainers from 1931. Ki-51 Army Type 99 still serving 1941, but obsolete. Developed seaplanes (E13A, E14Y) during Second World War; fighters (A5M and J7W); K10W1 trainer, copied from North American NA-16, built in 1941; production after first 26 given to Nippon.
(Formed in June 1941 by the amalgamation of Nippon Koku Kogyu KK and Kokusai Kokuki KK, this small manufacturer produced sub-components and built the Kokusai Ki 86 biplane trainer, a version of the German Bucker Bu 131 Jungmann.) Built K11W1 bomber crew trainer in 1940, and copy of Bucker Bu 131 Jungmann. In 1942 produced Q14Tokai three-seat long-range naval patrol aircraft. Reorganized as Kyushu Hikoki K.K. in 1943 and products known retrospectively under that name. 
The Watanabe Ironworks Company


YOKOSUKA (Japon) Yokosuka's B3Y1 Navy Type 32 carrier biplane first flew in 1932.  
B4Y Палубный бомбардировщик-торпедоносец B4Y Deck bombardier-torpilleur
D3Y-K MYOJO Учебно-тренировочный самолет D3Y-K MYOJO formation avion
D4Y SUISEI Палубный ударный пикирующий бомбардировщик D4Y Suisei Deck de plongée percussion bombardier
D4Y2-S SUISEI-Е Тяжелый ночной истребитель D4Y2-S-E Suisei Heavy Night Fighter
E6Y Гидросамолет-разведчик для подводной лодки E6Y hydravion-scout pour le sous-marin
Е14Y Гидpосамолет-pазведчик для подводной лодки E14Y Gidposamolet-pazvedchik pour sous-marin
H5Y Летающая лодка H5Y Flying Boat
K2Y Учебно-тренировочный самолет Formation K2Y avion
K4Y Учебно-тренировочный самолет Formation K4Y avion
К5Y2 Вспомогательный гидросамолет Support K5Y2 hydravion
L3Y Транспортный самолет L3Y avions de transport
MXY.5 KUGISHO Транспортно-десантный планер MXY.5 KUGISHO transports et de l'atterrissage planeur
MXY-7 OHKA Противокорабельный самолет-снаряд MXY-7 Ohka anti-missiles
P1Y GINGA Средний бомбардировщик P1Y GINGA moyen bombardier
R2Y KEIUN Разведчик R2Y KEIUN scout
SHINRYU Планер-камикадзе Shinryu Glider-kamikaze

YOKOSUKA NAVAL AIR DEPOT 8   K5Y  B4Y  H5Y  E14Y  D4Y Suisei  P1Y Ginga  MXY-7 Ohka  R2Y Keiun
Yokosuka's B3Y1 Navy Type 32 carrier biplane first flew in 1932. Some 200 B4Y1 attack aircraft followed, those remaining in service Second World War known as "Jean" to the Allies. The D4Y Suisei "Judy" two-seat
carrier dive-bomber was in service by the Battle of Midway in 1942 and appeared also in D4Y2-S nightfighter and D4Y4 suicide attack variants. The P1Y1 Ginga ("Frances") twin-engined naval attack bomber/nightfighter entered production in 1943 at Nakajima factories (seeabove). Yokosuka developed also the MXY-7 Ohka (Cherry Blossom) kamikaze piloted missile-bomb, derisively dubbed Baka ("fool" in Japanese) by the U.S. Navy, and of which production by various manufacturers totalled about 800.

Yokosuka MXY-7 ''Ohka''
MXY-7 Ohka




  The first airplane flight in Japan was likely on 29 April 1891, when a propeller-driven unmanned plane took off and flew about 10 meters at a height of one meter and 36 meters at a height of six meters the following day. The plane's inventor was Tyuuhaci Ninomiya, known as a genius of kite-making in his neighborhood. The airplane was called "Crow Type Flying Machine" and was a monoplane with a tail similar to that of a crow, 61 centimeters long and 59 centimeters wide with a three-wheel landing gear and a four-blade propeller driven by twisted rubber strings. After the success of this model airplane, Ninomiya tried to develop a manned airplane and wrote a letter to the Japanese Army for support, but his request was denied. When he learned of the success of the Wright Brothers, he was discouraged and never returned to the aviation field, even though he received a letter of apology from the Japanese Army.

The first human flight in Japan was made on 5 December 1909 in a glider. The machine was invented by Yves Paul Gaston Le Prieur, an attaché of the French Embassy in Tokyo, and Lt. Shirou Aibara of the Japanese Navy. A boy flew onboard their biplane with a box-type tail. The plane was 6.8 meters long and 7.2 meters wide and had 4-wheel landing gear. It flew 15 meters at a height of four meters on 5 December 1909 after a ground run by the power of several people. Five days later, Le Prieur took off with a ground run pulled by an automobile and flew about 100 meters.

The first flight of a Japanese-made powered airplane was made on 5 May 1911. The plane was designed and built by Sanji Nagahara, a Japanese Navy engineer and was 10 meters long, 9.2 meters wide, and equipped with a 50-horsepower Gnome engine. It flew approximately 60 meters on 5 May 1911. Because its flying quality was so stable, it flew to many cities throughout Japan for demonstrations.

Provided to the AIAA for the sole purpose of its Evolution of Flight Campaign.

LIENS & sources  



                     Très site tenu par Maksim Starostin in Estonia          
Alphabetical List of Aircraft : A 
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Aircraft Manufacturers: AA | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


The Probert Encyclopaedia of Aircraft  

  Galerie site polonais  ( site polonais samoloty.ow.pl/ )    INDEX  Sites le Peps      

Many nations gave birth to aviation and the pioneers who propelled its stunning successes. To recognize these contributions, we asked the International Council of Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS) to have each ICAS country identify its pioneers and present the story of its national achievements in aerospace. 
The notable figures profiled here are but a few examples of those who could be considered. If you feel your country or its pioneers are not sufficiently represented and you have the history to share, please contact Sharon Grace.
country profiles
United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United States
United States

Pioneer profiles (modifié par lepeps) 

Frank W. Caldwell
Leonardo da Vinci
Lawrence Hargrave
Alberto Santos-Dumont
Orville & Wilbur Wright
Patty Wagstaff
Octave Chanute
Alexander de Seversky 
- Henri Fabre    

Otto Lilienthal
Igor Sikorsky
Mario Calderara
Jacqueline Cochran
Amelia Earhart
Hermann Oberth
Wernher von Braun
Charles Yeager

En dépit du soin apporté à la rédaction de ces pages, il est toujours possible qu'une erreur se soit glissée. Je vous  remercie de me faire part (cliquez sur l'icône E-MAIL) de toute anomalie, afin de pouvoir la rectifier dans les meilleurs délais. Il est possible aussi que certaines images et certains textes n'appartiennent pas au domaine public. Dans ce cas merci de m'indiquer le fonds documentaire concerné et les propriétaires de l'œuvre afin que je fasse le nécessaire.