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  wiki  wiki-en Argentine Air Force  Aircraft manufactured by Argentina wiki   Argentine aircraft photos   
Aircraft Directory: Argentina  La historia de la aviación argentina   L'Amérique et l'Aéropostale    

Founded 1959 and based at Cordoba. Three-seat Aero Boero 95 (first flown March 1959) was development of the Piper Cub. AB115 derived from AB 95 and first flown February 1973; still in production in basic training and recreational form and as AB 115/150 higher-powered version that can undertake agricultural work. AB 180 four-seater first flew in 1960s and remains available in AB 180 AG agricultural, PSA military pre-selection and RVR glider-towing forms. From AB 180 was developed lower-powered AB 150 series. AB 260 AG first flew December 1972 as a basically single-seat agricultural aircraft

AERO TALLERES BOERO SRL ==> previous Aero Boero 

Established October 10,1927 as Fabrica Militar de Aviones. In 1928 secured license for Avro Gosport (British biplane trainer) and eventually made 33 for Argentine Air Force. In 1931 made to original designs the first of a number of light single-engined monoplanes (Ao.C.1). On October 20,1943 namebecame Instituto Aerotfcnico. On January 23,1957 became a State enterprise under the title of Direction Nacional de Fabricaciones e Investigaciones Aeronauticas (DINFIA). Reverted to its original name 1968

In October 1958 began development of Avi 205 multipurpose high-wing monoplane. First flight was in September 1960

Wholly owned subsidiary of La Macarena SA, distributor of Piper Aircraft Corporation (q.v.) products in Argentina. Chincul manufactured Piper aircraft from 1972 including Archer, Arrow, Aztec, Turbo Aztec, Chieftain, Dakota, Pawnee, Cherokee, Cheyenne, Navajo, Seneca, Super Cub, and Warrior. Signed agreement with Bell Helicopter Textron 1990 for helicopter co-production.

From late 1960s designed and built Cicare I and II experimental light helicopters. Followed September 1976 by C.K.1 (originally CH-III) two/three-seat light helicopter for training and agricultural use, aimed mostly at the South American market

Direccion Nacional de Fabricaciones e Investigaciones Aeronauticas originally founded in 1927 as the Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) (q.v.) for aeronautical research and production. Became Institute Aerotecnico in 1943, Industrias Aeronauticas y Mecanicas in 1953. Nationalized 1957, with aircraft works at the Fabrica Militar de Aviones at Cordoba, under DINFIA name. Began with design and construction of IA 46 light aircraft, twin-engined transports IA 35, IA 45, the IA 38 four-engined tailless transport designed by Dr. Reimar Horten, and the IA 37, a small delta-wing aircraft. In 1966 began license construction of Cessna 182 and indigenous light turboprop and piston-engined transports. Reverted to name FMA in 1968, becoming part of Area de Materiel Cordoba division of the Argentine Air Force.

As Industrias Aeronauticas y Mecanicas del Estado (IAME) formed March 28,1952 to take over State activities concerning military and civil aircraft, and incorporating the Institute Aerotecnico (formerly Fabrica Militar de Aviones). I.A.35 was twin-engined multipurpose monoplane; I.A.33 Pulqui II (first flown February 1951) a swept-wing jet fighter designed by Kurt Tank. Six Pulqui built 1955/56


FMA (Argentine) FABRICA MILITAR DE AVIONES SA Fabrica Militar de Aviones SA established at Cordoba 1927..
Ae.C.1 Легкий многоцелевой самолет Ae.C.1 avion léger polyvalent 
Ae.C.1 est devenu le premier avion construit purement Argentine 1931 

Ae.C.3 URUBERA Легкий многоцелевой самолет Ae.C.3 URUBERA avion léger polyvalent
Ae.MB.1(2) BOMBI Легкий бомбардировщик Ae.MB.1 (2) BOMBI Light bombardier
Ae.ME.1 Легкий самолет-разведчик Ae.ME.1 avion léger-agent
Ae.MOe.1 Легкий многоцелевой самолет Ae.MOe.1 avion léger polyvalent
Ae.MS.1 Санитарный самолет Ae.MS.1 ambulances
Ae.T.1 Легкий транспортный самолет Ae.T.1 Light Avions de Transport
AТ-63 PAMPA Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик AT-63 PAMPA léger multi-attaque avion
FMA.20 EL BOYERO Легкий многоцелевой самолет FMA.20 EL BOYERO avion léger polyvalent
IAe.20 EL BOYERO Легкий многоцелевой самолет IAe.20 EL BOYERO avion léger polyvalent
IAe.22 DL Учебно-тренировочный самолет DL Formation IAe.22 avion
IAe.27 PULQUI Многоцелевой истребитель IAe.27 PULQUI de combat polyvalent 
 Designed by Emile Dewoitine... 1947
IA.30 NANCU Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик IA.30 NANCU avion léger polyvalent attaque
IAe.33 PULQUI II Многоцелевой истребитель IAe.33 PULQUI polyvalents Fighter II
IA.35 HUANQUERO Многоцелевой учебно-тренировочный самолет IA.35 HUANQUERO avion polyvalent de formation
IA.37 Экспериментальный самолет Experimental IA.37 avion
IA.38 NARANJERO Средний транспортный самолет IA.38 NARANJERO Medium Transport Aircraft
IA.58 PUCARA Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик IA.58 Pucara avion léger polyvalent attaque
IA.58C PUCARA Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик IA.58C Pucara avion léger polyvalent attaque
IA.63 PAMPA Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик IA.63 PAMPA attaque avion léger polyvalent
IA.66 Легкий многоцелевой штурмовик IA.66 légère Multi-attaque avion
PAMPA 2000 Учебно-тренировочный самолет PAMPA 2000 Stage d'aéronefs

FMA 7     I.Ae.27 "Pulqui"  I.A.33 "Pulqui II"  I.A.38  I.A.50 "Guarani II"  I.A.53  I.A.58 "Pucara"   I.A.63 "Pampa"

Fabrica Militar de Aviones SA established at Cordoba 1927; redesignated Institute Aerotecnico 20 October 1943, incorporated into Industrias Aeronauticas y Mecanicas del Estado 1952, became Direccion Nacional de Fabricaciones e Investigaciones Aeronauticas 1957, reverted to FMA in 1968. License-production 1927-1943 included Avro 504R, Dewoitine D.21 C, Bristol F.2B, Focke-Wulf Fw 44J, Curtiss Hawk 75. Indigenous designs included Ae.C-1 three-seat monoplane, Ae.C-2 trainer of 1932, Ae.T-1 fiveseater of 1933, Ae.C-3 light aircraft of 1934, and Ae.M- 01 built for Argentine Army. El Boyero two-seater built 1939-1940. Production of the IA.58 Pucara twin-turboprop COIN aircraft for Argentine Air Force ended in 1986. First flight of IA.63 Pampa advanced and weapon training jet trainer, also for light attack, took place in October 1984. December 1994 agreement between the Government of Argentina and Lockheed Aircraft Service Company to privatize FMA aircraft factory and maintenance depot at Cordoba, with Lockheed operating as the management organization from July 1995. See LMAASA
FMA I.A.58 ''Pucara''
I.A.58 "Pucara"




GERMAN BIANCO SA Large industrial company which formed division in 1944 for glider production and aircraft repair. Began licenseproduction of Italian Macchi M.B.308, flying the first in February 1959. Production was completed in the late 1960s 

IA ==> above FMA 


Industria Metalurgica e Plastica SA, a munitions factory, opened an aircraft department in September 1941. A new factory opened at Quilmes Airport, Buenos Aires, in December 1944. Products included prototypes of RR-11 two-seat low-wing cabin monoplane (1942) and Chorlito light single-seat trainer (1943). Only production aircraft was the Tu-Sa (or LF-1), of which 25 were built 1943-1944. 



Formed in 1960 for production of the AL-60 (see Lockheed- Azcarate SA)

Took over production of El Boyero two-seat light monoplane from the Instituto Aerotecnico in late 1940s, and built 160 to government contracts for flying clubs and schools 

RACA ==> next  Representaciones Aero Comerciales Argentinas SA

RACA began assembly of Hughes 500C helicopters in 1975 under license. A minimum of 120 helicopters are to be built.

Builder of J-1 Martin Fierro single-seat agricultural monoplane with 300 hp Lycoming engine. Prototype first flew in 1975 and a small batch produced.

First design by Ing Alfredo Turbay was the T-1 Tucan parasol- wing lightplane, first flown April 1943. Six Tucans ordered from Sfreddo & Paolini (q.v.) were halted when the latter firm was seized and nationalized by the government and plans to revive production in 1963 were also thwarted. The T-2 five-seat twin-engined monoplane was destroyed by fire in early 1949 before it had flown; thus the next design to fly was the T-3A six-passenger light transport in December 1964. Turbay SA was formed in January 1961 to build the proposed T-3B production version and a lengthened fuselage development, theT-4, but no production was achieved.


Histoire de l’aviation argentine    
Le premier vol officiel en Argentine. 
Il a lieu le 6 février 1910 par le pilote français Henri Brégi 
(brevet N°26) sur biplan Voisin de 60cv. L’invitation vient de Jorge Newbery, elle est aux frais de la République Argentine qui veut fêter ainsi le centenaire de son indépendance. 
D’autres avions (monoplan Blériot) et pilotes (Emile Aubrun, Henri Péquet, Marcel Paillette et Valleton) viennent de France et d’Italie (Ricardo Ponzelli). 
En deux vols sur Voisin 50cv Octavie III, Henri Brégi peut se maintenir en vol pendant 16mn, atteignant une altitude de 60m à une vitesse de 50km/h... PLUS...   

Aussi  Argentine  Argentine  

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics  


The forbidding Andes Mountain range made Argentina an attractive destination for flight pioneers from other countries and a challenge for the country's own people.

The first Argentinian manned balloon flights, mainly with French aerostats, occurred in the second half of the 19th century, but it was not until the first years of the 20th century that the frequency of those flights increased. On 24 June 1916, E. Bradley and Capt. A.M. Zuloaga flew over the Andes in a flight that started in Santiago, Chile, and ended in Argentina's Uspallata Valley. The flight took a little more than three hours and reached an altitude of 8100 meters. It was the first flight over the Andes range.

Argentina's first officially recorded flight of a vehicle heavier than air was made by the French pilot Henri Brégi on 6 February 1910, during the centennial commemoration of Argentina's May Revolution of 1810. The celebration included several planes and pilots from France and Italy. Brégi flew a biplane Voisin with a 60 CV engine, reaching an altitude of 60 meters and a speed of 53 kilometers per hour.

In 1912, Teodore Fels used a Blériot to accomplish the first crossing of the Rio de la Plata, joining Buenos Aires with Montevideo, Uruguay. Fels flew back to Buenos Aires the following day. The following year, the German pilot Lübbe, in a Rumpler Taube with a 110 CV Argus engine, set the world record flight with a passenger over the water, flying from Buenos Aires to Montevideo. Flying across the Andes range was an obsession for the Argentine aeronautical pioneer J. Newbery, the passenger in that plane, and it prompted him to improve the altitude world record. On 10 February 1914, with a Morane Saulnier aircraft powered by a 80 CV supercharged engine, he reached an altitude of 6225 meters, exceeding the world record by 75 meters.

However, Newbery crashed and died without accomplishing his goal of crossing the Andes. That accomplishment went to 1st Lt. L. Candelaria on 13 May 1918 in a Morane Saulnier (Parasol) with a Le Rhone rotary engine of 80 CV. However, Candelaria flew to the south, where the mountains are lower. The crossing over the highest peaks of the range was performed on 12 December 1918 by the Chilean pilot D. Godoy, who flew a Bristol airplane equipped with a 110 CV engine. Two years later, the Argentine V. Almandos Almonacid made the first night flight over the Andes in a Spad aircraft with a 220 CV engine. Almonacid also carried out the first night bombing mission for the Allied Forces during World War I.

The first planes to fly in Argentina came from France, and some were used as models for the first Argentinian planes. In 1910, P. Castaibert began the construction of the first Argentine airplanes, but production was interrupted when, because of World War I, he couldn't import the engines he needed to complete them. The Castaibert planes were used for exhibition and school, and later were the first planes used by Argentina and Uruguay's air forces. Two of those planes are now in the Museo Aeronáutico of Uruguay.

In 1924, Raul Pescara, an Argentinean working in Paris, built a coaxial helicopter with biplane rotors and achieved a record by flying 736 meters. He was one of the first to recognize the autorotation phenomenon, and he also achieved control of the flight through cyclic-pitch change, obtained by warping the blades periodically as they rotated.

For more than 65 years, the biggest aeronautical development and production center in Argentina was the Fábrica Militar de Aviones in Córdoba, an inland city 700 kilometers from Buenos Aires. The company first built airplaces (1929) and engines (1930) under license and later began building its own planes. The first national plane conceived and produced was the Ae.C.1 (April 1932), a three-seated passenger plane with a covered cockpit.

In August 1947, the first flight of the IA-27 (Pulqui I), a jet fighter designed and developed in Córdoba by a team led by the French engineer E. Dewoitine, took place. It was the fifth jet fighter in the world and the first built in Latin America. The Córdoba factory employed other European professionals, particularly Germans and Italians, to work with Argentineans on military and civilian projects, including flying wings, swept wing fighters, small- and medium-sized passenger transports, and general purpose aircraft. However, most of these projects only reached the prototype stage.

Aero-commercial operations in Argentina began on 10 June 1919 when a company founded by S.H. Kingsley made flights between Buenos Aires and others cities in Argentina and Uruguay. The first passengers were taken across the Rio de La Plata on a De Havilland plane. Kingsley's operation flew 8750 kilometers until financial difficulties forced him to close operations.

His place was soon taken up by other companies, such as Aeroposta Argentina, founded in September 1927. Aerospota began regular flights in January 1929 with Breguet 14-A-2 and Laté 25 airplanes. The opening of aero-commercial routes in Argentina was made by intrepid men battling against a hostile environment and precarious logistical support, especially in Patagonia.

Provided to the AIAA for the sole purpose of its Evolution of Flight Campaign.


aviation argentine 
airforce argentine 
aeroposta argentina 
aeroposta argentina mermoz  
aeroposta argentina bouilloux-lafont 
mermoz guillaumet  
Raul Pescara 

LIENS & sources  


Selections from the Ed Coates' Civil Aircraft Photograph Collection.

                     Très site tenu par Maksim Starostin in Estonia          
Alphabetical List of Aircraft : A 
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z 
Aircraft Manufacturers: AA | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


The Probert Encyclopaedia of Aircraft  
 Galerie site polonais  (
site polonais samoloty.ow.pl/ )    INDEX  Sites le Peps      

Many nations gave birth to aviation and the pioneers who propelled its stunning successes. To recognize these contributions, we asked the International Council of Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS) to have each ICAS country identify its pioneers and present the story of its national achievements in aerospace. 
The notable figures profiled here are but a few examples of those who could be considered. If you feel your country or its pioneers are not sufficiently represented and you have the history to share, please contact Sharon Grace.
country profiles

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
United States
United States

Pioneer profiles (modifié par lepeps)  

Frank W. Caldwell
Leonardo da Vinci
Lawrence Hargrave
Alberto Santos-Dumont
Orville & Wilbur Wright
Patty Wagstaff
Octave Chanute
Alexander de Seversky 
- Henri Fabre    

Otto Lilienthal
Igor Sikorsky
Mario Calderara
Jacqueline Cochran
Amelia Earhart
Hermann Oberth
Wernher von Braun
Charles Yeager



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